On April 13, 1919, the first day of the First World War, a battle took place between the Allies and the Central Powers. The Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered the British Indian Army forces to fire their rifles at a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 379 people and wounding more than 1,200 others.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre occurred Or the Amritsar massacre when many villagers gathered in the park to celebrate Besakih. The protesters wanted to peacefully protest the arrest and deportation of two national leaders, Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchen.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is important for the IAS exam from the perspective of the Modern History syllabus.